A Comparative Study of “Eternity” in The Holy Quran and The Ancient Upanishads

  • Mohammad Reza Afroogh Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran
  • Ali Reza Khajegir Shahrekord University, Iran
  • Ali Reza Fahim Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

Abstract

Abstract



The problem of death and immortality is an ontological concern of human being. Islam and Hinduism, like other religions, have always sought to resolve this problem. Philosophical, verbal, mystical, and Qur’anic criticisms have attracted the attention of Muslim and Hindu scholars. The issue of immortality has been examined from different perspectives. In this study, it is examined from the perspectives of the Holy Qur’an and the ancient Upanishads. The use of the word soul in the Qur’anic verses, and then, with references to the early Upanishads is a key point in understanding the immortality of the human soul. In the Qur’an, special attention has been paid to the issue of the soul and has been referred to as a safe soul. In the Abrahamic religions, human creation is distinctive from other beings, and the final stage of creation is that of human being. In the old Upanishads, only the universal human being (Purusha) is considered as the soul and the main source of the world. The true and inward human being (Atman) is only meaningful in the unity and permanent union with Brahma, and the material aspect of human being (Perkeṛiti) is not very important.


 


Abstrak


Kematian dan keabadian adalah masalah ontologis manusia. Islam dan Hindu, seperti halnya juga dengan agama-agama lain, selalu berusaha menyelesaikan masalah ini. Kritik-kritik filosofis, verbal, mistis, dan Al-Qur’an telah menarik perhatian para cendekiawan Muslim dan Hindu. Isu keabadian telah diperiksa dari berbagai perspektif. Studi ini membahasnya dari perspektif Al-Qur’an dan Upanishad kuno. Penggunaan kata jiwa dalam ayat-ayat Al-Qur’an, dan kemudian, dengan referensi ke Upanishad awal, merupakan kunci untuk mengkaji keabadian jiwa manusia. Al-Quran memberi perhatian khusus pada masalah jiwa dan disebut sebagai “jiwa yang selamat”. Dalam agama-agama Abraham, penciptaan manusia dibedakan dari penciptaan makhluk lain, di mana puncak penciptaan adalah penciptaan manusia. Dalam Upanishad lama, hanya manusia universal (Purusha) yang dianggap sebagai jiwa dan sumber utama kehidupan. Manusia sejati dan batiniah (Atman) hanya bermakna dalam persatuan dan kesatuan permanen dengan Brahma, sedangkan aspek material manusia (Perkeṛiti) tidak terlalu penting.

Published
2019-04-24
How to Cite
AFROOGH, Mohammad Reza; KHAJEGIR, Ali Reza; FAHIM, Ali Reza. A Comparative Study of “Eternity” in The Holy Quran and The Ancient Upanishads. GEMA TEOLOGIKA: Jurnal Teologi Kontekstual dan Filsafat Keilahian, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 55-72, apr. 2019. ISSN 2502-7751. Available at: <http://journal-theo.ukdw.ac.id/index.php/gemateologika/article/view/400>. Date accessed: 19 july 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.21460/gema.2019.41.400.